All types of migraine symptoms,causes and treatment

Migraine is a neurological illness characterized by painful headache attacks and other migraine symptoms such as sensitivity to light, sound, smell, or touch. Migraine symptoms can induce a variety of symptoms in addition to "awful headaches". Here I will discuss different types of migraine symptoms and treatments. Also, I will discuss what causes severe migraines.

All types of migraine symptoms,causes and treatment

Not all migraineurs experience every symptom, and migraine symptoms might differ from person to person in terms of severity and frequency. Stress, hormonal changes, specific meals, lack of sleep, or environmental factors can all be migraine triggers and contribute to the incidence of migraine symptoms.

Consult a medical expert for an accurate diagnosis and the best treatment options if you think you might have migraines or are exhibiting any of these migraine symptoms.

This article will cover all types of migraine symptoms and treatment

  1. Types of migraine symptoms
  2. Causes of migraine
  3. Risk elements
  4. Migraine treatment
  5. Prevention of migraine
  6. FAQ about types of migraine symptoms and treatment

1. Types of migraine symptoms


Among different types of migraine symptoms, the prodrome is one of them.

You may detect little alterations one or two days before a migraine that

indicates an impending migraine, such as:

  • Constipation
  • Mood swings between euphoria and despair
  • Cravings for food
  • Neck rigidity
  • More frequent urination
  • Retention of fluid
  • Constant yawning


Aura is another type of migraine symptom. Auras can happen before or during migraines for certain people. Auras are temporary nervous system symptoms. The majority of them are visual, but they can also involve other disruptions. Each symptom often starts out mildly, intensifies over a few minutes, and lasts for up to 60 minutes.

Auras associated with migraines include:

  • Visual occurrences such as the perception of different shapes, bright spots, or flashes of light
  • Loss of sight
  • A feeling of pins and needles in the arm or leg
  • Weakness or numbness on one side of the body, including the face
  • Speaking difficulties


Another type of migraine symptom can be seen by the attack. If left untreated, a migraine often lasts 4 to 72 hours. Each person experiences migraines differently. Every month, migraines can strike sporadically or regularly.

Symptoms of a migraine include:

  • Visual phenomena such as the perception of different shapes, bright spots, or light bursts
  • Loss of sight
  • Arm or leg "pins-and-needles" symptoms
  • Weakness or numbness on one side of the body, the face, or both
  • Having trouble speaking.
  • Hearing music or noises
  • Involuntary jerking or other motions


You can experience post-migraine drowsiness, confusion, and fatigue for

up to a day. Some people claim to feel happy. A sudden head movement

could briefly reactivate discomfort.

Frequently, migraines go unidentified and untreated. Keep a record of your

attacks and the drugs you take if you frequently get migraine symptoms.

Then make an appointment with your doctor to discuss your headaches.

When should you see a doctor?

If you face any type of migraine symptoms, from the beginning you have

to be careful about treatment. Migraines are frequently misdiagnosed and

untreated. Keep a record of your migraine attacks and how you handled

them if you have them regularly. Then, schedule a consultation with your

doctor to address your headaches.

Even if you have a history of headaches, consult your doctor if the pattern

changes or your headaches feel different than usual.

If you have any of the following migraine symptoms and signs that could

signal a more serious medical concern, see your doctor right away, or go

to the emergency room:

  • A sudden, strong headache, similar to a thunderclap
  • A stroke can cause headaches with fever, stiff neck,
  • Also confusion, seizures, 
  • Double vision, numbness, or weakness in any part of the body.
  • A persistent headache that worsens with coughing, exercise, straining,
  • or an abrupt movement
  • Headache following a head injury
  • New headache pain after reaching the age of 50

2. Migraine causes

All the elements that trigger migraines are still not fully understood by researchers. Changes in the body's serotonin levels seem to be one of their possible causes. Serotonin affects blood vessels and has numerous physiological impacts. High quantities of serotonin cause blood vessels to constrict (shrink). The blood vessels enlarge (dilate) when serotonin levels drop.

Other issues or pain may result from this swelling. The association of migraine headaches with a spreading pattern of electrical activity in the brain is another factor under investigation.

According to some studies, migraines may have a hereditary component, meaning they may run in families. According to the American Migraine Foundation, there is a 50% probability that you will develop headaches if one of your parents does.

Your likelihood increases to 75% if both of your parents suffer from migraines. In the end, it appears that a combination of hereditary, environmental, and behavioral variables contribute to migraines.

A number of incidents can cause migraine attacks. Typical migraine causes include:

Mental strain

One of the most frequent causes of migraine headaches is emotional stress. As a result of stressful situations, the brain releases certain chemicals known as the "flight or fight" response in an effort to counter the threat.

A migraine may develop as a result of these substances' release. Other feelings like fear, anxiety, and excitement can tighten the muscles and widen the blood vessels. Your migraine can get worse as a result.

Forgetting to eat

Your migraine headache may also be brought on by skipping a meal.


Some foods and beverages, such as aged cheese, wine, and food additives such as nitrates (found in pepperoni, hot dogs, and lunch meats) and monosodium glutamate (MSG), may be to blame.


Headaches can occur when one consumes too much caffeine or experiences caffeine withdrawal. Caffeine seems to make your blood vessels more sensitive, thus headaches may happen if you don't get any. Healthcare professionals occasionally advise patients to take caffeine to treat severe migraine attacks, but it shouldn't be taken frequently.

Use of painkillers on a regular basis

A rebound headache can occur if you take headache medications too frequently.

Female hormonal changes

Around the time of their monthly cycles, women are more likely to experience migraines. The abrupt drop in estrogen that happens during menstruation might cause migraines. Birth control drugs and hormone replacement therapy can potentially alter hormone levels. 

Since these estrogenic changes typically don't occur in young girls or post-menopausal women, migraines are frequently worse between puberty and menopause. You might experience a reduction in headaches following menopause if hormones play a significant role in your migraines. Hormonal changes do not appear to be the cause of male migraines.

Weather variations

Storm fronts, changes in barometric pressure, strong winds, or elevation changes can all cause migraines.


Loud noises or strong odors, exposure to smoke, and perfumes can all set off a migraine.


Vasodilators, which dilate your blood vessels, can set them off.

Physical exercise

This includes both intense physical exertion and sexual activity. 


Inhale tobacco cause migraines.

Changes in your sleeping habits

When you sleep too much or too little, you may experience headaches.


A lot of alcohol, especially wine, and coffee, which is high in caffeine, are examples of these.


When you're stressed, your brain produces chemicals that may alter your blood vessels and result in a migraine.


Flashing lights, fluorescent lights, TV or computer light, and sunshine can all set you off chemicals that can cause blood vessel alterations that can contribute to a migraine.


Being overly tired and overexertion are also causes of migraine.

3. Risk elements

Several factors increase your risk of migraines, including:

A family tree

If you have a family member who suffers from migraines, you are more likely to develop them yourself.


Migraines can start at any age, but they are most common throughout puberty.  Migraines often peak in your 30s and then gradually decrease in severity and frequency over the next several decades.


Women are affected by migraine three times more than men.

Changes in hormones

Headaches in migraine sufferers may begin immediately before or shortly after menstruation begins. They might also change during pregnancy or menopause.

4. Migraine treatment

There is no treatment for migraines. Typical migraine therapies include:


Many over-the-counter (OTC) medications are effective. the major components are  Acetaminophen, aspirin, caffeine, and ibuprofen components. Never provide aspirin to a person under the age of 19 owing to the risk of Reye's syndrome.

OTC painkillers should be used cautiously because they may make headaches worse. They can cause rebound headaches or make you reliant if you use them excessively. Talk to your doctor about prescription medications that might work better if you take any OTC painkillers more than twice a week. 

Preventative drugs


Your doctor could advise them if other treatments are unsuccessful, you get frequent headaches, or you have four or more migraine days per month. You take them on a regular basis to reduce the severity or frequency of your headaches. Seizure drugs, blood pressure medications (such as beta-blockers and calcium channel blockers), a few antidepressants, and Botox injections are among them. CGRP antagonists such as atogepant (Qulipta), eptinezumab (Vyepti), erenumab (Aimovig), fremanezumab (Ajovy), and galcanezumab (Emgality) can also prevent migraines.

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (sTMS) with a

single pulse


You put this gadget on the back of your head when you first have an aura-accompanied migraine. Your brain receives a magnetic energy pulse that might stop or decrease discomfort there.

Anti-nausea drugs 

If you experience nausea in addition to your migraine, your doctor may prescribe medication.


These drugs balance the chemicals in your brain. Injections, nasal sprays, pills to swallow, or tablets that dissolve under the tongue are all options. Almotriptan (Axert), eletriptan (Relpax), rizatriptan (Maxalt), sumatriptan (Imitrex), and zolmitriptan (Zomig) are among examples.

"Ergotamine" (Cafergot, "Ergomar," "Migergot"). This also has an impact on the neurotransmitters in your brain.

Reyvow's Lasmiditan

This medication reduces sensitivity to light or sound, nausea, and discomfort.


Antagonists of the CGRP receptor. If previous therapies don't work, your doctor may prescribe rimegepant (Nurtec) or ubrogepant (Ubrelvy).

Devices for neuromodulation

Other devices can impact the vagus nerve and the trigeminal nerve to provide migraine treatment or prevention.

Natural cures

You can alleviate migraine symptoms by doing the following:

  • Resting in a dark, quiet room with your eyes closed.
  • Applying a chilly compress or ice pack to your brow.
  • Consuming plenty of liquids.

Alternative and complementary therapies

Some people find relief by using therapies in addition to or instead of regular medical care. These are known as complementary or alternative therapies. They are as follows for migraine:


This allows you to keep track of stressful circumstances that may induce symptoms. If the headache creeps on gradually, biofeedback can stop it before it becomes severe.

CBT stands for cognitive behavioral therapy

An expert can teach you how your actions and ideas affect your pain perception.


Some vitamins, minerals, and plants have been shown in studies to help prevent or alleviate migraines. Riboflavin, coenzyme Q10, and melatonin are examples of these. Butterbur may help prevent migraines, but it may also have an effect on your liver enzymes.

Work on your body

Chiropractic, massage, acupressure, acupuncture, and craniosacral therapy are all physical treatments that may help with headache symptoms. Before attempting any complementary or alternative therapy, consult with your doctor.

To know details read more

How to cure migraine permanently and natural relief for migraines

5. Prevention of migraine

To avoid migraine symptoms, try the following steps:

  • Recognize and stay clear of triggers.  
  • Control tension. Meditation, yoga, and other methods of relaxation 3. Breathing can be helpful.
  • Eat at regular intervals.
  • Consume a lot of fluids.
  • Get lots of sleep.
  • Engage in frequent, light exercise.
  • If you experience migraines around your period or if lifestyle adjustments are ineffective, talk to your doctor about preventive medications.

Some innovative technologies are also capable of preventing migraines. Cefaly is a headband-like device that sends electrical pulses through your forehead skin. It has an effect on your trigeminal nerve, which has been connected to migraine headaches. Cefaly can be used for 20 minutes once a day. 

When you turn it on, you'll notice a tingling or massaging sensation. GammaCore, another stimulator, transmits a gentle electrical pulse to the vagus nerve fibers in your neck to ease discomfort and help avoid migraines.

To know details read more

5. FAQ about types of migraine symptoms

and treatment.

What is the most common cause of migraines?

Ans: Severe pain can happen due to stress at work or at home. Stimuli to the senses. Bright or flashing lights, as well as loud sounds, are also responsible for migraines. Strong odors, such as perfume, paint thinner, and smoke, can cause migraines in some people.

What are the two most typical migraine symptoms?

A migraine episode may cause increased sensitivity to light and sound, nausea, auras (such as tunnel vision or loss of vision in one eye), difficulty speaking, and severe pain that is predominately on one side of the head. A disturbance of the central nervous system (CNS) is one idea for the origin of migraine.

How can I naturally avoid migraines?

It's crucial to adopt healthy sleeping practices to prevent attacks or exacerbate migraine symptoms. This includes avoiding devices before night, getting up at the same time every day, and getting enough natural light during the day. Also helpful for migraines are naps.

At the end of the article

In conclusion, although the exact causes of migraines are unknown, a combination of genetic, environmental, and neurological factors is thought to be responsible. Stress, hormonal changes, specific meals, lack of sleep, or environmental variables are examples of migraine triggers that can hasten the development of migraines in those who are vulnerable.

When it comes to treatment, the main objectives are to reduce symptoms, stop more attacks, and enhance the person's quality of life. Options for treating migraines can change depending on the frequency, seriousness, and particular symptoms that a person experiences. 

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